Last name Barberi, Barberis, Barbero, Barbierato, Barbieri, Barbiero, Barbe, Labarbera, Barbiera, Barbera, Barberini
Its meaning has to do with the root "Barb" = beard = Barber.
In Medieval Europe, there was a peculiar profession: the barber, who cut the beard and hair, but also performed, extracted molars or whitened the teeth with etching. Barbers practiced surgeries, amputations, enemas, fixed breaks, extracted kidney stones, treated wounds, drained boils, satracted cysts, cleaned ears, and formulated ointments. 1 One of the main services they provided was indentation. In the Middle Ages it was thought that excess blood was harmful, since it unbalanced the moods of the body and this caused diseases, so that at least once a year people went to their barber to practice a bloodletting.2
Although there was the figure of the surgeon, these enjoyed a lower category than doctors; and their learning was based more on technique than on scientific knowledge. So much so that during the splendor of the barber's trade as a "doctor" of the town, surgeons learned and refined their surgical techniques from the hand of the former. At this time, moreover, medicine did not enjoy much fame, and people trusted their barber more than a surgeon.
From the root "barb" arose the surnames Barbieri, Barberi, Barbera, Barbe, Barberis, Labarbera, Barberirini, some of which are part of the most frequent Italian surnames.
The feminine Barbiera, equivalent to prostitute or dishonest woman.